Vegetable crops represent essential components of the dietary diet, it is considered a rich source of numerous phytochemicals that play important role in maintaining human health. All vegetable crops are nutritious, while, there are some crops that have higher phytochemicals and nutritional ingredients than other varieties, like tomatoes, sweet potato, broccoli, potatoes, asparagus, carrots, peppers, and dark leafy greens that contain different beneficial nutrients. Vegetable crops are considered one of the main sources of vital nutrients that include antioxidants, polyphenols, carotenoids, vitamins, flavonoids, minerals, carbohydrates, and dietary fibers, which have a protective impact and reduce the negative effects of oxidative damage induced by free radicals. There are several health benefits of vegetable crops such as decreasing inflammation due to their phytochemical components particularly carotenoids, which attributed to their higher contents of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, vitamins, minerals, etc. Therefore, the consumption of vegetable crops as a part of a healthy diet plays a useful role for humans in the maintenance of body health and preventing various chronic diseases. Eating vegetable crops is considered one of the main relevant strategies to prevent the human body from different health complications particularly cardiovascular disease and infection of non-communicable diseases. All vegetable crops are nutritious and contain different beneficial ingredients, but there are some crops varieties rich with phytochemicals and nutritional ingredients than other varieties like potatoes, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, peppers, carrots, broccoli, cauliflower, asparagus, taro, and dark leafy greens. Consequently, there are numerous roles of these crops in preventing chronic disease, enhancing cognition, and protecting heart-healthy.