Use of Biomarkers in Prognosis and treatment of Cancer

Gayatri Varikuti,

Published on: 2020-12-29

Abstract

Now a days the goal of the treatment for cancer relays on the biomarker/tumor-associated antigens. Radiolabelled MoAbs, monoclonal antibodies, antibody-drug conjugates, and bispecific T cell engagers include antibody form compounds targeting cancer biomarkers. The analysis of a patient sample for cancers that affect the blood, bone marrow, and lymph nodes tumors include antibodies intended SLAMF7, CD19, 20, 22, 30, 33, 38, and CD79B. The aim for cancer immunotherapeutic representatives, like B cell maturation antigen, chimeric antigen receptor engineered T cells, CLL-1, CD138 and CD123. PD-1, PD-L1, and CTLA-4 immune checkpoint inhibitors have contributed to the cancer treatment innovations. Inhibitors are being investigated in the immune control point targeting LAG3, IDO, SIGLECs, CD47TIM-3, TIGIT, and VISTA. The scene of cancer therapy has been radically altered with the small molecular regulators of tyrosin kinases oncoproteins like ALK, Bruton tyrosin kinase, FGFR, JAK2, MEK, MET, BCR-ABL, HER2, EGFR, FLT3, and VEGFR. The cure of various forms of cancer has been primarily sponsored by SMIs for BRAF, BCL-2, CDKs, IDHs, mTOR, PI3 kinoasis, and PARP [1-4]. Cancer-specific TAAs like CD33 was developed for strategy that can prevent or reduce toxicity from off-tumor. The future developments in cancer Therapies is accelerating the hunt for latest biomarkers or current pattern and distribution towards selective targets [5-9].

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