Medical Oncology is a method of treatment in cancer care. Medical Oncology is commonly working in affiliate with Radiation Oncology or Surgical Oncology to consign the best clinical results. Medical Oncology uses Immunotherapy, Chemotherapy, Targeted Therapy, and Hormonal Therapy to treat cancer incompetent manner.
Radiation oncology is a medical specialty that comprises the controlled use of radiation to treat cancer either for healing or to deflate pain and other symptoms induced by cancer. Radiation oncology is one of the three primary specialties, the further two being surgical and medical oncology, committed in the treatment of cancer.
Surgical oncology is the department of surgery dedicated to the operative ablation of solid tumors diagnose and stage cancer. Surgical oncology primarily converges on the surgical management of tumors. With advanced improvements in diagnosis and treatment, the role of a surgical oncologist is ever-changing.
A Solid tumor is an abnormal cluster of cells. Solid tumors comprise cancers of the brain, ovary, breast, colon and other tissues. There are two major types of Solid tumors which include Sarcomas and Carcinomas. Many people conclude that one quality solid tumor dividend is a reliance on cancer stem cells.
Radiation therapy is one of the utmost colloquial treatments for cancer. It uses X-rays to ruin or injure cancer cells so that they cannot multiply. Radiation therapy is given from outside or inside the body. Dissimilar chemotherapy, which consistently exposes the whole body to cancer-fighting drugs, radiation therapy is commonly a local treatment. The type of radiotherapy you’re given will rely on the type of cancer you have and your individual situation.
The term Oncogenesis is defined as the process of transformation of healthy individual cells into cancer cells. This caused by the genetic, epigenetic and cellular changes which in turn increases the cell division in an uncontrollable manner. Apart from these, environmental factors such as carcinogens and radiation were also responsible for the mutations in the cells which may lead to the development of cancer.
Targeted therapy is one of the modern medical approaches for the treatment of cancer. In this therapy, the drugs target the specific genes and proteins that help in the inhibition of cancer cell growth. Unlike chemotherapy where the drugs show their activity throughout the body, targeted therapy is confined only to particular genes. Targeted therapy stops the action of molecules that are key to the growth of cancer cells.