Background: Mumps is a viral infection transmitted by direct contact, droplet infection and fomites. Iraq witness several epidemics of mumps.
Objective: To report on last epidemic of mumps 2015-2016.
Methods: Al-Rusafa side of Baghdad was selected randomly from two sides of Baghdad. A review of data from department of public health, Directorate of Health of Baghdad /Al-Rusafa was carried out. The data was all the notification cases of mumps for the years 2015-2016.
Results: The registered cases of mumps were 9780 and 33728 for 2015 and 2016, respectively. The peak age in 2015 and 2016 was 5-14 year. The peaks mumps cases were in October, December 2015 and January 2016, and disappear in June 2016.
Conclusions: Epidemic of mumps was clear in Baghdad. Social strife plays a role in developing the epidemic.