Allergy is a hypersensitivity reaction of the immune system. Allergy may involve more than one type of reaction. An allergy is an immune reaction to something that does not affect most other people. Substances that often cause reactions are Pollen, Dust mites, Mold spores, Pet dander, Food, Insect stings, Medicines. Risk factors of allergy are heredity, gender, race, and age.
The immune system is a complex system that normally defends the body against foreign invaders, such as bacteria and viruses, while also surveying for abnormal tissue changes, such as cancer. Allergens are substances that are foreign to the body and that cause an allergic reaction. IgE is the allergic antibody.
The most common allergic diseases are described, including allergic rhinitis (nasal allergies), allergic conjunctivitis (eye allergies), allergic asthma, urticarial (hives), and food allergies. While the environment plays a role in the development of allergy, there is a greater risk of developing allergic conditions if a person has a family history of allergy, especially in parents or siblings.
Anemia results from a lack of red blood cells or dysfunctional red blood cells in the body. This leads to reduced oxygen flow to the body's organs. Symptoms may include fatigue, skin pallor and shortness of breath, light-headedness, dizziness or a fast heartbeat.
Treatment depends on the underlying diagnosis. Iron supplements can be used for iron deficiency. Vitamin B supplements may be used for low vitamin levels. Blood transfusions can be used for blood loss. Medication to induce blood formation may be used if the body’s blood production is reduced.
Surgery is the field of medical sciences that involves the use of operative manual and instrumental techniques to investigate and treat a disease, disorder or an injury and improve bodily function of the patient.
Cardiology the sub discipline of medical sciences that deals with the functioning of the body’s major organ – Heart. It also deals with the various diseases and abnormalities related to heart.
Pediatrics & Geriatrics
Pediatrics is the branch of medicine dealing with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents and the age limit ranges from birth up to 18 years of age. Geriatrics specially focuses on health care of elderly people with the aim to promote the health of elderly by preventing and treating diseases and disabilities in older adults.
Genetics is the study of various aspects related to genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living organisms. It deals with the process of trait inheritance from parents to offspring, molecular structure and function of genes, gene behaviour with respect to a cell or organism, gene distribution and variation and change in populations.
Emergency and Internal medicine
Internal medicine is the branch of medicine dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases. Emergency medicine is a medical specialty involving care for undifferentiated, unscheduled patients with acute illnesses or injuries that require immediate medical attention.
Gastroenterology is the branch of medical sciences dealing with the complete functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and the liver. It also deals with the various diseases and disorders pertaining to gastrointestinal tract and the liver.
Immunology is a branch of medical science that deals with the study of all the aspects related to the immune system of organisms. Hematological science is the branch of medical sciences concerned with the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases related to the blood.
Andrology & Gynecology
Andrology is the medical science that deals with male health particularly relating to the problems of the male reproductive system and urological problems in males. Gynecology is the medical science dealing with the health of the female reproductive system and the breasts.
Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Psychiatry is the medical specialty that involves the study, diagnosis and treatment of various medical disorders. It involves a variety of treatments, often a combination of both therapy and medication. Psychiatry literally means “medical treatment of the soul”.
Orthopedics is the branch of medicine dealing with the various aspects related to bones and muscles. It also deals with the prevention and correction of injuries of the skeletal system and associated muscles, joints, and ligaments.
Pharmacology of Diseases
Pharmacology of diseases deals with the various treatment methods and different drugs used in the treatment, cure, prevention and diagnosis of various diseases and disorders in humans and animals.
Rheumatology is the branch of medicine that deals with the study of rheumatism, arthritis, and other disorders related to joints, muscles, and ligaments. These are most common in elderly patients and need utmost care and treatment.
Ophthalmology is the specialty of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology of the eye in humans and animals. It also deals with the various disorders and diseases pertaining to eye in humans and in animals.
Microbiology & Bacteriology
Microbiology is concerned with the study of the physical, chemical and biological characteristics related to various unicellular, multicellular and acellular microscopic organisms Bacteriology is the subdivision of microbiology which involves the studies related to the identification classification and characterization of bacterial species.
Nephrology & Urology
Nephrology is the branch of medicine concerning with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy. Urology is the branch of medicine that deals with the functions and disorders of the urinary system.
Dermatology involves study, research, and diagnosis of normal and disorders, diseases, cancers, cosmetic and ageing conditions of the skin, fat, hair, nails and oral and genital membranes, and the management of these by different investigations and therapies, including but not limited to dermatohistopathology, topical and systemic medications, dermatologic surgery and dermatologic cosmetic surgery, immunotherapy, phototherapy, laser therapy, radiotherapy and photodynamic therapy.
Pharmacogenomics is the branch of medical sciences dealing with the use of DNA and other amino acid sequence data in the process of drug development and testing. It deals with individual genetic variation with drug responses.
Toxicology is a branch of medicine concerned with the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms. It involves the study of harmful effects of chemical, biological and physical agents in biological systems and study the extent of damage in living organisms.
Oncology is the sub discipline of medical sciences dealing with the study of different kinds of tumors occurring in humans and animals including their pathogenesis and diagnosis and applying a suitable method in the treatment of the tumours.
Endocrinology is the sub discipline of medicine which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to hormones. It deals with human functions such as the coordination of metabolism, respiration, reproduction, sensory perception, and movement.