Epidemiology and Zoonoses of Seven-Year Disease-Scabies

*Abduljalil Alsaad Rasha Khalil
Department Of Microbiology, Faculty Of Medicine, University Of Misan, Misan, Iraq

*Corresponding Author:
Abduljalil Alsaad Rasha Khalil
Department Of Microbiology, Faculty Of Medicine, University Of Misan, Misan, Iraq
Email:rashak.mcm@uomisan.edu.iq

Published on: 2020-01-27

Abstract

Scabies is one of the three most common skin disorders. In 2015, it affected about 204 million people. It occurs more commonly in the developing world and tropical climates. The study aims to determine the epidemiology of scabies among man and their animals. Description of zoonotic potential transmission between man and animals. We enrolled 261 Iraqi participants and their animals (if present) who completed the study. An epidemiological and zoonotic study done at Health Care Centers, a period of one year. Scabies diagnosed clinically, and the examination has done accordingly. The association of patient demographics, clinicopathologic factors and disease features described and calculated. The most age found was belonged to the age group 20-40 years in 141(54.02%) patients. The male to female ratio was 1.05:0.95. Scabies mostly described by its itching in whole patients. The duration of the itching lasts for 24 hrs. in 124(47.5) patients, for weeks in 131 (50.19%) patients. Scabies rash presented in most of the patients as 249 (95.4%). Most of the patients 75.47% have their domestic animals or in contact with, either direct or indirect, indoor, farms, and other, with a strongly significant difference among those who haven’t (p=0.035). By examination of animals of infested patients with scabies, we found about 58.88% of animals were infected with scabies, and these might be acting as zoonotic potential transmission, with significant differences from those peoples who haven’t (p=0.05). Scabies is one of the three most common skin disorders in the young age group and its frequency is not related to gender. More than three-quarters of peoples in the study have close contact with animals and more of that animals found to be infested with scabies, might be a sort of a zoonotic potential pattern.

Keywords

Scabies; Zoonoses diseases; Sarcoptes scabiei; Scraping test; Mites

Introduction

Scabies is a contagious skin infestation by the mite called Sarcoptes scabiei [1,2]. The manifestations are severe itching and a pimple-like rash. The duration of symptoms appearance takes 2-6 weeks. The frequent infestations happen with a day. The itching is become worse mostly at night [2]. The life cycle started when mites burrow into the skin to live and deposit eggs [3]. Crowded living conditions, such as those found in child-care facilities, group homes, and prisons, increase the risk of spread. Different medications are utilized in treating scabies. The treatment should involve the whole household, and any others who have had recent, prolonged contact with the infected individuals [4]. In addition, the controls of itching include antihistamines and antiinflammatory agents [5]. Bedding, clothing and towels used during the previous days should be washed in hot water and dried in a hot dryer [6]. In 2012, The International Alliance for the Control of Scabies (IACS) was started [7-9]. It worked to manage the global health implications of scabies to the attention of the World Health Organization; the WHO has included scabies on its official list of neglected tropical diseases at same year [7,10].

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