Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of global malnutrition in outpatient department of Kerbala teaching hospital and the associated factors which include sex of patients, paternal employment and type of feeding.
Methods: By using M.U.A.C which is simple screening anthropometric test for malnutrition. Randomized Cross sectional study of 1000 child between the age of 6-59 months had taken in the study. From outpatient department of Kerbala teaching hospital. Data recorded regarding gender of patients, paternal employment and type of feeding in those less than 2 yrs. old patients.
Results: Overall incidence of global malnutrition was 6.9% in outpatient department of Kerbala teaching hospital. There is strong association between malnutrition and type of feeding during first 2 years and there was some association between employment of parents and malnutrition.
Malnutrition, Breastfeeding, Employers
Measurement of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) provides a simple and reliable tool for screening nutritional status and also enables rapid assessment of large populations in epidemiological field study. Traditionally, MUAC has served as a practical proxy measure of undernutrition and in particular, of severe acute malnutrition among infants, children under 5 years .
Sever acute malnutrition (SAM) defined by world health organization (WHO) as: z score below -3 or mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) below 115 mm or presence of bilateral pitting Edema or both . Moderate acute malnutrition is defined as moderate wasting i.e. (weight for height between -3 and -2, z score) of WHO child growth standard or mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) greater or equal to 115 mm and less than 125mm .
Degrees of Malnutrition are associated with increased risk of all causes of mortality and increased risk of death like diarrhoea, pneumonia, and measles .
In this study we aimed to find the incidence of moderate acute malnutrition and severe acute malnutrition in outpatient department of Kerbala paediatric teaching hospital. With effects of some demographic factors like paternal jobs and breast feedings.