Objective: The biggest problems of oral and dental health in Indonesia are the ignorance on the dental and oral hygiene leading to tooth loss, so can highly affect the nutritional status and dietary intake. To discover the relationship between the tooth loss and the hypertension case at Padongko health center of Barru regency.
Methods: The research is analytic observation using cross-sectional method. The population of the research is the respondents suffering from the hypertension and tooth loss to determine their nutritional status and dietary intake. The population was the patients with primary hypertension, a purposive sampling technique was applied through path analysis test.
Results: Based on the path analysis results, the relationship between nutritional status and hypertension revealed p value=0,562>α=0,05; dietary intake and hypertension showed p value=0,377>α=0,05; therefore, the Ha obtained indicated the existing relationship but not significant. The relationship between nutritional status and tooth loss obtained p value=0,065>α=0,05; dietary intake and tooth loss obtained p value=0,499, in which the Ha obtained had a relationship but not significant. Meanwhile, the relationship between hypertension and tooth loss was indicated by p value=0,001<α=0,05 showing a significant relationship.
Conclusion: There is a relationship between nutritional status and dietary intake with tooth loss on hypertension patients, but insignificantly shown.
Nutritional Status; Dietary Intake; Hypertension; Tooth Loss
Hypertension or famously known as the silent killer is a condition where the increase of blood pressure above normal. Increased age is one factor causing the occurrence of hypertension, this is due to the increasing age of organ function decreased marked by decreased elasticity of the arteries and stiffness occurs blood vessels so vulnerable to an increase in blood pressure. Hypertension is defined as persistent blood pressure where the systolic pressure is above 140 mmHg and diastolic over 90 mmHg [1-3]. One of the major risk factors of hypertension is stroke, heart failure, chronic kidney disease, visual impairment, and hypertension is often called the silent killer. Hypertension is a condition when a person experiences a rise in blood pressure either slowly [4-6].
Foods that are not digested properly will not be absorbed properly by the body, so it also influences the intake of nutrients the body needs. Nutritional status can be measured using an anthropometric index, one of which is the Body Mass Index (BMI). BMI is a simple tool for monitoring adult nutritional status specifically related to underweight and overweight .
Unhealthy eating habits or diet can be triggered due to masticatory disorders. Changes in the function of mastication due to tooth loss will encourage people to change their food intake as compensation for the difficulty of consuming these foods. Individuals without teeth (edentulous) have difficulty in chewing compared to individuals who have teeth, so they make changes in the diet, namely the choice of food variations .